Working Title/Artist: Cup Department: Islamic Art Culture/Period/Location: HB/TOA Date Code: Working Date: 9th-10th century Scanned for Collections

De Gheyn /1565 – March 29, 1629/ was a wealthy amateur who is best known as a brilliant draftsman, but he also painted and engraved. This panel is generally considered to be the earliest known independent still life painting of avanitas subject. The skull, large bubble, cut flowers, and smoking urn refer to the brevity of life, while images floating in the bubble—such as a wheel of torture and a leper’s rattle—Spanish coins, and a Dutch medal refer to human folly. The figures flanking the arch above are Democritus and Heraclitus, the laughing and weeping philosophers of ancient Greece.