History of the Operative and Speculative Masonry. Documents, researches based on actual facts and dates.

Freemasonry in Australia

1820 – The Grand Lodge of Ireland chartered Australian Social Lodge, No. 260 to meet in Sydney, New South Wales, the first stationary lodge in Australia; it was renamed Australian Social Mother Lodge, and is now Antiquity Lodge, No. 1 on the rolls of the United Grand Lodge of New South Wales and the Australian

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Freemasonry in Argentina

1795 – Lodge Independencia was chartered by the Grande Loge Generale Ėcossaise de France; this body was absorbed by the Grand Orient of France in 1805, and Lodge Independencia was left to its own devices. 1806 – During the British invasion of Argentina, military lodges of the occupying forces initiated local residents who were formed

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MW Prince Arthur

Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850-1942) Grand Master United Lodge of England Freemasons

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Brother Francesco Bartolozzi

Francesco Bartolozzi  (25 September 1725 – 7 March 1815) was an Italian engraver, whose most productive period was spent in London. Bartolozzi was born in Florence. He was originally destined to follow the profession of his father, a gold- and silver-smith, but he manifested so much skill and taste in designing that he was placed under the supervision of two

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Elias Ashmole

Elias Ashmole (23 May 1617 – 18 May 1692) was a celebrated English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy. Ashmole supported the royalist side during the English Civil War, and at the restoration of Charles II he was rewarded with several lucrative offices. Ashmole was an antiquary with a strong Baconian leaning towards the study of nature. His library reflected his intellectual outlook, including works on English

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Benjamin Cole (1695–1766)

Benjamin Cole (1695–1766) was an English surveyor, mapmaker, instrument maker, engraver and bookbinder living in Oxford. Benjamin Cole had a long-standing interest in freemasonry and engraved the frontispiece to the 1756 Book of Constitutions after succeeding John Pine in 1743 as official engraver to the Grand Lodge. Cole drew up the ward maps for the first edition of the historian and topographer William Maitland's (c.1693–1757) posthumous History of

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John Pine (1690–1756)

John Pine (1690–1756) was an English designer, engraver, and cartographer notable for his artistic contribution to the Augustan style and Newtonian scientific paradigm that flourished during the British Enlightenment. Pine began his career as an apprentice goldsmith. He also apprenticed with the French engraver Bernard Picart (1673–1733), who was associated with a movement described as the “Radical Enlightenment.”

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Brother Pablo Antonio Jose de Olavide y Jauregui

/January 25, 1725 – February 25, 1803/  Brother Pablo de Olavide from 18th century was enlightened encyclopedic mind and the most important person from Peru in Kingdom of Spain, achieving highest positions and honors from the King Carlos III. The King was initiated in the Craft by Bro. Pablo and Bro. Count Floridablanca. Pablo Antonio

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History of Freemasonry in Romania

Our Ambassador Honorable RW Brother Claudiu Ionescu Brother Karl Stock - Theodor Aman bust talking to Ill. Constantin Iancu, SGC of the Supreme Council of AASR in Romania and Founding Grand Master of the National Grand Lodge of Romania (interview reprinted from MASONIC FORUM Magazine No. 10, pp. 2-5) Illustrious and Most Powerful

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Freemasonry in France

1736 – By this date there was a Grand Lodge of France. It is sometimes referred to as the English Grand Lodge of France and a foundation date of 1728 is given. There were undoubtedly lodges in France before 1736 but reliable documentation is scant. They include: at Dunkirk, Lodge Friendship and Fraternity (1721); at

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