John Pine (1690–1756) was an English designer, engraver, and cartographer notable for his artistic contribution to the Augustan style and Newtonian scientific paradigm that flourished during the British Enlightenment.Anderson'sConstitutions

Pine began his career as an apprentice goldsmith. He also apprenticed with the French engraver Bernard Picart (1673–1733), who was associated with a movement described as the “Radical Enlightenment.”

Pine was a close friend of William Hogarth, who also began his career as an engraver. It appears likely that their careers were mutually reinforcing, even though Pine remained principally in the field of engraving while Hogarth became a famous painter. Both men served as governors of the Foundling Hospital, and both were Freemasons, a social affiliation that was also a means of marketing their talents. Pine was a member of the Lodge that met at the Horn Tavern in Westminster and joined with other Lodges to form the Grand Lodge in 1717.

Pine engraved the frontispiece of the 1723 Constitutions of the Freemasons, which elevated his status as an artist and secured his position as principal engraver for the Grand Lodge. Subsequent work for the Grand Lodge included annual engraved lists of member Lodges, which provided details about the time and place of their meetings. These engravings included miniature signs for each Lodge symbolizing their meeting place, usually a tavern. Pine’s work is an essential part of the record of early Freemasonry.

In 1733, Pine began work on an edition of the works of Horace, considered a masterpiece of 18th-century book art. He engraved the text and illustrations for the entire work, which consisted of hundreds of pages. Subscribers who underwrote the project included the Prince of Wales, Handel, Alexander Pope, and Hogarth.

In 1755 he was among those who attempted to form a royal academy for the arts, but he did not live to see it established.

Pine’s achievements were recognized in 1743, when he became Engraver of His Majesty’s Signet and Seals, and subsequently Bluemantle Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary.1723-Constitutions-frontespiece_Apollo